There are oral conditions that can affect your body’s functions such as chewing, talking, the ability to balance, posture and more. In this post, we will tell you everything you need to know about malocclusion.
What is malocclusion?
Dental malocclusion is a problem of the bite or the way the upper and lower teeth fit together. Alterations in maxillary bone growth or that of the teeth is a fairly common condition today. This can affect the aesthetics of your mouth and can also result in chewing disorders, posture balance, and more. This condition is common in children and adolescents. It can be treated through different orthodontic and dental procedures.
Possible causes of dental malocclusion
Malocclusion can be caused by various factors. Genetics happens to be one of the most relevant.
In many families, poor dental positioning is common. Another cause of this condition is the development of sucking habits. These are mainly generated in childhood with breastfeeding, pacifier and finger sucking. Other habits that influence the appearance of malocclusion are atypical swallowing of food. And the interposition of the tongue or the thrust of the teeth through it.
Prolonged breathing through the oral cavity is also an element that is associated with the generation of this pathology. Similarly, the premature loss of baby teeth and the lack of permanent teeth due to a failure in the eruption of it can cause malocclusion.
Consequences of malocclusion
A defective bite in addition to affecting the aesthetics of your smile and your face, can cause different complications.
Wear and tear of dental pieces
Improper positioning of the jaw or teeth can cause friction or poor contact between them. In the long term, this can cause wear or in severe cases fractures in the teeth.
Crowding of teeth makes dental hygiene a complicated process. Sometimes this does not allow the bristles of the toothbrush to penetrate certain areas. This causes the accumulation of food remains and bacteria resulting in the development of tooth decay and gum infections that can be quite serious and bothersome.
Alterations in the position of the jaw and teeth generate tension in the muscles and tendons of the face. This can cause severe pain in areas such as the jaw, cervical and head joints.
Posture and balance problems
The relationship between an imperfect bite and the general posture of the body is a recent discovery by the Department of Physiology of the University of Barcelona and that of Innsbrurck in Austria.
Bad posture and other motor alterations may be slightly related to malocclusion. This is because the nerves that are responsible for performing functions such as chewing and balance control are affected. Like the muscles of the jaw and the cervical area.
Although in normal conditions the bad positioning of your jaw does not have a very broad relationship with the ability of your body to remain stable. This increases when you find yourself in a situation of much fatigue or instability.
How to prevent malocclusion
- Since hereditary factors are one of the main causes, it is best for children to go to a pediatric dentist. This may diagnose the condition early.
- Control feeding, dental hygiene and sucking habits, as well as teeth pressure in children, mainly in the most important stages of development.
- Be vigilant with maintenance and dental space when a piece is lost. This can be done through the use of special retainers.
- In case they detect the malocclusion prematurely, it is best to start treating it with the methods indicated by the orthodontist.